Increasing Frequency of Flood Events across the Central United States: A Hierarchy of Whys

发布时间:2020-08-18    作者:     浏览次数:379

 

城市水循环与海绵城市技术北京市重点实验室

2020年度系列学术报告会


一、报告题目

Increasing Frequency of Flood Events across the Central United States: A Hierarchy of Whys

美国中部地区日益增加的洪水频率:成因分类

二、报告信息

会议时间:2020年8月24日(周一)上午9:00-11:00

ZOOM ID: 650 967 47696   密码:266192

会议链接:https://zoom.com.cn/j/65096747696(可直接扫描下方二维码)

三、报告摘要

The frequency of flood events has been increasing across large areas of the central United States since the second half of the 20th century. Little is known about what is driving these changes, and the fundamental question we ask ourselves is: why? Using an observation-driven approach, we develop a statistical framework to attribute the changes in the frequency of flood peak events to changes in the climate system and to land use/cover. We focus on 287 U.S. Geological Survey sites with at least 50 years of daily discharge measurements between the second half of the 20th century and the present. Our analyses are performed at the seasonal level and consider five predictors (i.e., precipitation, temperature, antecedent wetness conditions, agriculture, and population density). Results indicate that precipitation and antecedent wetness conditions are the strongest predictors, with the role of the latter that increases as we lower the threshold for the event identification. Furthermore, we highlight the role of weather types in explaining the observed changes in precipitation and, consequently, in the frequency of flood events. Results related to the role of urbanization in changing flood characteristics will be presented as well.

The aim of this presentation is to provide insights into the possible reasons responsible for the changes in the frequency of flood events across the central United States, providing basic information that may enhance our capability of predicting and projecting these changes.

四、专家简介

Gabriele Villarini is a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Iowa, and the Director of IIHR-Hydroscience & Engineering. He received his M.S. in Civil Engineering in 2003 from the University of Rome “La Sapienza,” and his Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering in 2008 from the University of Iowa; he also received his Executive MBA from the Tippie School of Business at the University of Iowa in 2018. He was a researcher in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Princeton University from 2008 to 2012. His research interests focus on flood hydrology, extreme events, hydroclimatology, and climate predictions and projections. He has received a number of national and international awards, including the “Hydrological Sciences Outstanding Young Scientist Award” by the European Geosciences Union (2013), and the James B. Macelwane Medal by the American Geophysical Union (2016). He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (2016). He has published over 190 peer-reviewed papers, including articles in Nature, Science, Nature Climate Change, Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. He served as a member of the American Geophysical Union Precipitation Committee and of the U.S.-CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes and Climate.

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